A pterygium is a benign growth of tissue on the conjunctiva, which is the thin covering on the white part of the eye. This benign growth is caused by chronic sun exposure and irritation. Pterygium can lead to various symptoms such as red eye, tearing, irritation, dry eyes, etc. With progression a pterygium can grow onto the central part of the cornea which can lead to vision changes.
Treatment involves eyedrops to lubricate the eye as well as limiting sun exposure. If symptoms are bothersome then surgery can be performed to remove the pterygium. At Westwood Ophthalmology, a no-stitch procedure is performed in which the abnormal tissue is excised and amniotic membrane is placed to reduce the chance of recurrence as well as to minimize post-operative discomfort. Post-operative drops are used to prevent infection and to help with the healing process.
Corneal transplant surgery involves removing the central area of a patient's cornea and replacing it with a donor's cornea. The purpose of a cornea transplant is to either restore vision, reduce pain, treat an infection or replace a damaged or diseased cornea. Cornea transplant can treat a number of eye conditions such as cornea scarring, clouding of the cornea, swelling of the cornea, corneal ulcers, corneal thinning and complications caused by previous eye surgery.
At Westwood Ophthalmology, full thickness corneal transplants (penetrating keratoplasty) as well as partial thickness corneal transplants (Descemet’s stripping endothelial keratoplasty and anterior lamellar keratoplasty) are performed depending on the eye condition. The main benefits of partial corneal transplant are that visual recovery is faster and uncorrected vision tends to be better. The type of transplant that would work best will depend on the eye condition.
The surgery is a same-day procedure that takes approximately one to two hours. Most corneal transplants are performed with light sedation, but general anesthesia can also be utilized depending on the situation. An eye patch is used to protect the eye after surgery overnight, but removed the following day. Visual recovery is longer than with other eye surgeries such as cataract surgery. Call our office located in Bergen County, NJ to have our corneal specialist evaluate your condition to determine what procedure is best suited for you.